Lists of isotopes by separation method:


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List of Silicon stable isotopes and
examples of Silicon isotope applications
  • highly accurate calculation of Avogadro number;
  • improvement of thermal conductive properties of semiconductors;
  • Aluminium doping of semiconductors;
  • studies of impurities and intrinsic defects in semiconductors;
  • studies of irregularities in materials such as glass, crystals and ceramics via methods of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR);
  • instrument calibration when extending the bandwidth of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR);
  • studies of neutron transmutation doping of silicone carbid with phosphorus;
  • production of Si-31 radionuclide;
  • studies of self-diffusion of silicon;
  • studies of isotope effect in superconductors;